Firing clay is the essential step that transforms dirt to stone. The earth's elements are changed to beautiful glass (glaze) with the application of a lot of heat.
The Four common temperatures that we use are:
We use electric kilns because they are convenient all are computer controlled and very reliable.
Gas kilns need to be monitored for the whole firing. And can be used where a lot of electricity is not available.
Gas kilns are necessary for cone ten, as they don't wear out. Reduction effect and flashing make cone 10 pottery special.
Raku Kilns make the craft of Raku possible. In Raku you glaze a piece of bisque, quickly fire up to cone 06 or until the glaze melts. Open the kiln when it is red hot and put the glowing pot in a trash can of flammable paper or leaves. The resulting combustion reduces the metals copper and iron to the metallic form; creating cool effects. The smoke also colors any bare clay black and accents any cracks in the glaze as black crackle pattern.